Research Activity

The Fields of Our Research

Comprehensive Research on Labor Policies

The following research projects are now being conducted.

  • Research on Employment Systems

    This research analyzes the current state and directions of Japan’s long-term employment systems amid significant changes in industrial and demographic structures, using an analytical approach that incorporates a range of perspectives including the viewpoints of companies, workers, and society as a whole. Once we have established an overview of the current state and changes in Japanese employment systems, we consider how employment systems should be developed in the future.

    In FY 2017, we seek to ascertain the actual state in both labor supply and demand, through interview surveys for cases of human resource management in new industrial fields, and secondary analysis of existing data, etc.

  • Research on Labor and Employment Policies Adapted to Correspond with Changes, etc. in Demographic and Employment Structures

    As Japan experiences rapid population aging and decline and a continued increase in non-regular workers, this project encompasses surveys and research that contribute to promoting measures and presenting policy implications in areas such as the creation of a society where people remain in the workforce throughout their lives (shōgai gen-eki shakai) and the improvement of working conditions for non-regular workers.

    In FY 2017, we are conducting case studies regarding the employment and work of older people, engaging in interview surveys of companies that dispatch non-regular workers, and defining points for discussion as to the improvement of the treatment of non-regular workers, etc. We are also analyzing the special tabulation of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare’s General Survey on Diversified Types of Employment as a means of developing basic data regarding non-regular employment.

  • Research on Potential Future Developments in Employment and Labor along with Technological Innovation, etc.

    In light of major economic and social trends—including the rapid progress of technological innovation in A.I., the internet of things (IoT), and other such areas, etc., and changes in the structure of labor supply and demand—this research looks ahead to consider potential developments in employment and labor, and employment opportunities in the regional community, and also presents policy implications for the future.

    In FY 2017, we are defining points for discussion regarding the impact of technological innovation on working environments, etc., and regional differences in employment opportunities and ways of working. We are also utilizing government statistics to analyze labor productivity.

  • Research on Worker and Corporate Behavior Strategies amid “Work Style Reform”

    In preparation for “Work Style Reform”, this research picks out the issues involved in the behavior strategies of both workers and companies—such as the appropriate state of working hour systems and other such aspects of human resources management, promotion of the active participation of women, and balancing child-rearing and long-term care for families, with pursuing a career—and sets out policy implications that contribute to improving the quality of employment.

    In FY 2017, our research includes case studies on the actual state of time management in work and daily life, the setting of wage level in the labor market and the determining of wages within companies, and surveys on balancing work with long-term care for families.

  • Research on Vocational Skills Development Suited to Diverse Needs This research ascertains and analyzes the various needs involved in enhancing vocational skills, and sets out policy implications regarding the appropriate state of infrastructure for vocational skills development across Japan as a whole, human resource development in new industrial fields, etc., and mechanisms for young people to make a smooth transition into employment and develop careers.

    In FY 2017, we are ascertaining the actual conditions of advanced education and training in the field of IT, proactive learning by workers, and other aspects of vocational skills development infrastructure. In addition, we are using case studies to investigate and analyze conditions in the job market for high-school graduates.

  • Research on Career Formation Support toward the Achievement of a “Society in which All Citizens are Actively Engaged” (zen’in-sanka-gata shakai)

    This research looks at the actual state of work and job-seeking environments to identify the issues that need to be addressed—such as the appropriate state of lifetime career development support, job matching and counselling to promote the labor participation of people who have difficulties in the job-seeking activities, and the development of occupational information and tools suited to the current age—and proposes effective support methods.

    In FY 2017, we are working on research aimed at ascertaining the issues related to career consulting, the actual needs and challenges regarding occupational information and occupation classifications and how career support should take into account characteristics of young people. We are also revising tools for career guidance and developing programs to support job-seeking activities.

  • Research on Mechanisms for Establishing Terms and Conditions of Employment, Centering on Labor Management Relations

    This research ascertains the actual state of the changes in the notion of employees and labor-management relations and the ongoing shifts in mechanisms for establishing terms and conditions of employment amid increasing diversity in ways of working. While also comparing domestic developments with international trends, we identify the challenges with regard to labor law and policies, and present policy implications to prepare for developments in the future.

    In FY 2017, we are pursuing research on labor law policies for responding to the development of atypical work organizations and other such changes in work society in other countries, and conducting surveys on collective labor-management relations and workplace harassment.

Results of Research Activities

The results of our research activities will be published quickly in research reports on labor policies, newsletters and on the web site with an eye to contributing to the planning and drafting of labor policies and the stimulation of policy discussions among different strata. At the same time, the Institute will organize policy forums and other events to provide opportunities for open discussion on policies.

Collection and Analysis of Information on Labor and Related Policies

JILPT collects and analyzes a variety of labor-related statistical data and information, both domestically and internationally, with the aim of contributing to promote research and debate on labor policy.

Domestic Labor Information

Information on domestic labor trends, such as employment, human resource management, industrial relations and so on, is gathered and sorted through surveys including “Monitoring Survey on Business and Labor” and other researches which are carried out through questionnaires or interviews to businesses, management and labor organizations.

International Labor Information

  • Information on the labor situation in key countries is continuously and systematically assembled, and then sorted by country as well as by policy issue.
  • JILPT networks with foreign research institutions, participates in joint field surveys when necessary, and collects information on pressing issues for labor policy research.

Compilation and Dissemination of Various Statistics Data

A variety of statistical data related to labor is collected from a broad range of information sources. This data is analyzed and processed, and is used to provide information that cannot be obtained from existing numerical data.

Research Report

JILPT regularly publishes research reports as results of various researches and studies conducted. Listed below are some of the series provided in English.

International Research Networks

Creating Networks with Foreign Institutions

JILPT networks with research institutes in foreign countries with the aim of exchanging and utilizing to the extent possible the results of each other's research activities including joint study programs.

Accepting Foreign Researchers and Intellectuals, and Sending Researchers Abroad

Exchange researchers and intellectuals are undertaken to foster research into Japanese labor issues, as well as creating a basis for future joint international research.